You can find many of the following books at For journals, try the journal's home page. Also, try Trove474 to search for the title in libraries and bookshops (including some international bookshops). [Updated 28 January 2016: I have updated the links to books, journals, and websites cited below. For some of the books, a new edition may be available. Please check carefully the edition you wish to buy.]


1. Edwin Abbott, How to Write Clearly (1883)

2. Ruggero J Aldisert, Winning on Appeal: Better Briefs and Oral Argument (2nd ed, 2003)

3. Mary Garvey Algero, 'On IRAC' (November 1995) 10 Second Draft: Bulletin of the Legal Writing Institute 4

4. *Anthony Amsterdam and Jerome Bruner, Minding the Law (2002)

5. Ty Apler et al, 'Stories Told and Untold: Lawyering Theory Analyses of the First Rodney King Assault Trial' (2005) 12 Clinical Law Review 1

6. Aristotle and JH Freese (ed), The Art of Rhetoric (1947)

7. Joanne DS Armstrong and Christopher A Knott, Where the Law is: An Introduction to Advanced Legal Research (2nd ed, 2006)

8. Matthew J Arnold, 'The Lack of Basic Writing Skills and its Impact on the Legal Profession' (1995) 24 Capital University Law Review 227

9. Michele Asprey, Plain Language for Lawyers (3rd ed, 2003)

10. *Andrew H Baida, 'Writing a Better Brief: A Useful Guide to Better Written Submissions in Appellate Advocacy' (2002) 22 Australian Bar Review 149

11. Bonnie M Baker, 'Creating Facts' (2001) 16(1) Second Draft: Bulletin of the Legal Writing Institute 1

12. Steven M Barkan, 'On Describing Legal Research' (1982) 80 Michigan Law Review 925

13. Jeffrey Barnes, 'Teacher v Student: The Role of Fundamental "Conceptions of Reality" in the Preparation of a Legal Opinion', paper presented at National Language and Academic Skills Conference 27–28 November 2000, La Trobe University, Bundoora

14. Norman Birkett, 'The Art of Advocacy: Character and Skills for the Trial of Cases' in George Rossman (ed), Advocacy and the King's English (1960) 919

15. Tony Blackshield et al (eds), Oxford Companion to the High Court of Australia (2001)

16. Graeme Blank, 'Case Analysis—The "Circles Method"', paper presented at the Qld Bar Association Ethics and Advocacy Conference, Noosa, Queensland, Australia, 5–6 March 2005 (copy on file with author)

17. Diana Botluk, The Legal List 2006: Research on the Internet (2006)

18. *Deborah E Bouchoux, Aspen Handbook for Legal Writers

19. Fiona Boyle, A Practical Guide to Lawyering Skills (2nd ed, 2003)

20. Ben Bratman, '"Reality Legal Writing": Using a Client Interview for Establishing the Facts in a Memo Assignment' (2004) 12(2) Perspectives: Teaching Legal Research and Writing 87

21. Paul Brians, Common Errors in English ( (accessed 14 November 2007)

22. Isabel Briggs Myers et al, MBTI Manual (A Guide to the Development and Use of the Myer Briggs Type Indicator) (3rd ed, 1998)

23. Charles J Ten Brink, 'A Jurisprudential Approach To Teaching Legal Research' (2005) 39 New England Law Review 307

24. William J Brock, 'Conduct of Negligence Case for Plaintiff' in George Rossman (ed), Advocacy and the King's English (1960) 124

25. Peter Brooks, Reading for the Plot: Design and Intention in Narrative (1992)

26. Jerome Bruner, Making Stories: Law, Literature, Life (2002)

27. Maurice Byers, 'From the Other Side of the Bar Table: An Advocate's View of the Judiciary' (1987) 10 University of New South Wales Law Journal 179

28. Charles R Calleros, 'IRAC: Tentative and Flexible and Therefore Reliable' (November 1995) 10 Second Draft: Bulletin of the Legal Writing Institute 4

29. Charles R Calleros, Legal Method and Writing (5th, 2006)

30. Kim Cauthorn, 'Keep on TRRACING' (November 1995) 10 Second Draft: Bulletin of the Legal Writing Institute 5

31. Jordan B Cherrick, 'Issues, Facts, and Appellate Strategy' in Priscilla Anne Schwab (ed), Appellate Practice Manual (1992) 73

32. *Robert Cialdini, Influence: Science and Practice (2001)

33. Peter Clinch, Using a Law Library: A Student's Guide to Legal Research (2nd revised ed, 2001)

34. Morris L Cohen and Kent C Olson, Legal Research in a Nutshell (9th ed, 2007)

35. Robert J Condlin, '"Cases on Both Sides"—Patterns of Argument in Legal Dispute Negotiation' (1985) 44 Maryland Law Review 65

36. Catriona Cook et al, Laying Down the Law (6th ed, 2005)

37. Michael Coper, 'Interpreting the Constitution: A Handbook for Judges and Commentators' in AR Blackshield (ed), Legal Change: Essays in Honour of Julius Stone (1983) 52

38. *Margot Costanzo, Essential Legal Skills: Problem Solving (1995)

39. Barbara Cotton, 'Advanced Legal Research and Writing: How to Build a Cadillac' (1991) 13 Advocates' Quarterly 232

40. R Kirkland Cozine, 'The Emergence of Written Appellate Briefs in the Nineteenth-Century United States' (1994) 38(4) The American Journal of Legal History 482

41. Nicholas M Cripe, 'Effective Appellate Argument' (1984) 70 ABA Journal 56

42. HFM Crombag et al, 'On Solving Legal Problems' (1975) 27 Journal of Legal Education 168

43. John W Davis, 'The Argument of an Appeal' in George Rossman (ed), Advocacy and the King's English (1960)

44. Kirsten K Davis, '"Take the Lime and the Apple and Mix 'em All Up"' (August 2005) Second Draft: Bulletin of the Legal Writing Institute 13

45. Stephanie Delaney, Electronic Legal Research: An Integrated Approach (2002)

46. Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Australia's System of Government ( (accessed 2 July 2007)

47. RWM Dias, 'The Value of a Value-Study of Law' (1965) 28 Modern Law Review 397

48. James Eager, 'The Right Tool for the Job: The Effective Use of Pedagogical Methods in Legal Education' (1996–97) 32 Gonzaga Law Review 389

49. Stephen Elias and Susan Levinkind, Legal Research: How to Find and Understand the Law (13th ed, 2005)

50. *Steven Elias and Susan Levinkind, Legal Research: How to Find & Understand the Law (14th ed, 2007)

51. Raymond T Elligett Jr and Hon John M Scheb, 'Stating the Case and Facts: Foundation of the Appellate Brief' (2003) 32 Stetson Law Review 415

52. Anne Enquist and Laurel Currie Oates, Just Writing: Grammar, Punctuation, and Style for the Legal Writer (2005)

53. Christopher S Enright, Studying Law (3rd ed, 1989)

54. *Christopher S Enright and Peter Sidorko, Legal Research Technique (2002)

55. European Commission, How the European Union Works—Your Guide to the EU Institutions (2005) ( (accessed 30 June 2007) [See now (accessed 27 January 2016)]

56. Ward Farnsworth, The Legal Analyst: A Toolkit for Thinking About the Law (2007)

57. Maureen F Fitzgerald, 'What's Wrong with Legal Research and Writing? Problems and Solutions' (1996) 88 Law Library Journal 247

58. Betty S Flowers, 'Madman, Architect, Carpenter, Judge: Roles and the Writing Process' (1979) 44 Proceedings of the Conference of College Teachers in English 7

59. Pascal Fontaine, Europe in 12 Lessons (2006)

60. Mary Ellen Gale, 'Legal Writing: The Impossible Takes a Little Longer' (1980) 44 Albany Law Review 298

61. Bryan A Garner, Legal Writing in Plain English (2001)

62. *Bryan A Garner, The Elements of Legal Style (2nd ed, 2002)

63. Bryan A Garner, The Redbook: A Manual on Legal Style (2002)

64. *Bryan A Garner, The Winning Brief: 100 Tips for Persuasive Briefing in Trial and Appellate Courts (2nd ed, 2004)

65. Dennis Gaulin, 8 As of Information ( (accessed 2 June 2007)

66. Murray Gleeson, 'The State of the Judicature', address to the 35th Australian Legal Convention, 25 March 2007

67. David Goldstein, 'How to Try a Case in the Trial Court from a Lawyer's Point of View' in George Rossman (ed), Advocacy and the King's English (1960) 84

68. Tom Goldstein and Jethro K Lieberman, The Lawyer's Guide to Writing Well (2002)

69. Andrew Goodman, Influencing the Judicial Mind—Effective Written Advocacy in Practice (2006)

70. Bade Harris and David Barker, Essential Constitutional Law (2nd ed, 2004)

71. Kenneth Hayne, 'Advocacy in the High Court of Australia', address to the WA Bar Association, 25 October 2004

72. Kenneth Hayne, 'High Court Rules 2004', introductory remarks at seminars for the legal profession, October–November 2004

73. Kenneth Hayne, 'Advocacy and Special Leave Applications in the High Court of Australia', paper delivered as part of the Continuing Legal Education Program of the Victorian Bar, 22 November 2004

74. Kenneth Hayne, 'Written Advocacy', paper delivered as part of the Continuing Legal Education Program of the Victorian Bar, 5 and 26 March 2007, 20

75. Guy Holburn and George Engle, Butterworths Legal Research Guide (2nd revised ed, 2001)

76. Dennis R Honabach, '"IRAC" or "(QFRFR)+IRAC"' (November 1995) 10 Second Draft: Bulletin of the Legal Writing Institute 13

77. Jason L Honigman, 'The Art of Appellate Advocacy' (1966) 64(6) Michigan Law Review 1055

78. Bryan Horrigan, 'Materials on Problem-Solving Techniques', prepared by the University of Canberra Law School ( (accessed 28 January 2008)

79. *William Huhn, The Five Types of Legal Argument (2002)

80. Terry Hutchinson, Researching and Writing in Law (2002)

81. *Terry Hutchinson, Researching and Writing in Law (2nd ed, 2006)

82. DF Jackson, 'Appellate Advocacy' (1992) 8 Australian Bar Review 245

83. Robert H Jackson, 'Advocacy Before the United States Supreme Court' (2003) 5 Journal of Appellate Practice and Process 219 (originally published in 1951 in 37 Cornell Law Quarterly 1)

84. J Myron Jacobstein et al, Fundamentals of Legal Research (7th ed, 1998)

85. Neil James, Writing at Work (2007)

86. Carl Jung, Psychological Types (1921, English ed 1923), reprinted in Collected Works of CG Jung, Vol 6 (1976)

87. David J Jung, 'I Love IRAC?' (November 1995) 10 Second Draft: Bulletin of the Legal Writing Institute 10

88. Lucille R Kaplan, 'Writing that Persuades: No Quick Fix for the Advocate' (1984) 20 Trial 44

89. Delmar Karlen, Appellate Courts in the United States and England (1963)

90. Miriam Kass, 'The Ba Theory of Persuasive Writing' in Priscilla Anne Schwab (ed), Appellate Practice Manual (1992) 179

91. Duncan Kennedy, 'A Semiotics of Legal Argument' in Academy of European Law (ed), 3(2) Collected Courses of the Academy of European Law (1994) 309

92. Robert A Kessler, 'Analysis of the Problem' in William R Roalfe (ed), How to Find the Law (6th ed, 1965) 13

93. Patrick Keyzer, Legal Problem Solving: A Guide for Law Students (1994)

94. Joseph Kimble, Lifting the Fog of Legalese: Essays on Plain Language (2006)

95. Stanley V Kinyon, Law Study and Law Examinations in a Nutshell (1971)

96. Michael Kirby, 'Ten Rules of Appellate Advocacy' (1995) 64 Victorian Bar News 47; (1995) 69 Australian Law Journal 964

97. Michael Kirby, 'Appellate Advocacy—New Challenges', The Dame Ann Ebsworth Memorial Lecture, London, Tuesday, 21 February 2006

98. Michael Kirby, 'The Future of Appellate Advocacy' (2006) 27 Australian Bar Review 141

99. Christina L Kunz et al, The Process of Legal Research (3rd edn, 1992)

100. Kate Lahey, 'Ace of Spades: Checklist for Brainstorming About a Legal Issue' (1997) 12(1) Second Draft: Bulletin of the Legal Writing Institute 6

101. JH Landman 'The Problem Method of Studying Law' (1953) 5 Journal of Legal Education 500

102. Christopher Lasch, Plain Style: A Guide to Written English (2002)

103. Kay A Lauchland and Marlene JL Brun, Legal Interviewing: Theory, Tactics and Techniques (1996)

104. Terri LeClercq, Expert Legal Writing (1995, 2002 reprint)

105. Terri LeClercq, Guide to Legal Writing Style (3rd ed, 2004)

106. 'Legal Storytelling', special issue, 87(8) Michigan Law Review

107. *Karl Llewellyn, The Common Law Tradition (1960, 1996 reprint)

108. Lynn M LoPuck and Walter O Weyrauch, 'A Theory of Legal Strategy' (2000) 49(6) Duke Law Journal 1405

109. Christopher T Lutz, 'Why Can't Lawyers Write?' in Priscilla Anne Schwab (ed), Appellate Practice Manual (1992) 167

110. Douglass T MacEllven, Legal Research Handbook (1983)

111. Robert J Martineau, 'Appellate Litigation: Its Place in the Law School Curriculum' (1979) 39 Journal of Legal Education 71

112. Robert S Marx, 'Shall Law Schools Establish a Course on Facts?' (1953) 5 Journal of Legal Education 524

113. Anthony Mason, 'Present Standard of Advocacy in the High Court of Australia' (1984) 58 Australian Law Journal 537

114. Anthony Mason, 'The Role of Counsel and Appellate Advocacy' (1984) 58 Australian Law Journal 537

115. Thomas Michael McDonnell, 'Playing Beyond the Rules: A Realist and Rhetoric-Based Approach to Researching the Law and Solving Legal Problems' (1998) 67 UMKC Law Review 285

116. James W McElhaney, 'Balanced Persuasion' (2002) 88(3) ABA Journal 60

117. James W McElhaney, 'Legal Writing That Works' (2007) 93(7) ABA Journal 30

118. Bernard McKenna et al, Corporate Communication: Effective Techniques for Business (2nd ed, 2007)

119. Suzanne McKie, Legal Research: How to Find and Understand the Law (1993)

120. Harry McVea and Peter Cumper, Learning Exam Skills (1996, 2002 reprint)

121. Harold R Medina, 'The Oral Argument on Appeal' in George Rossman (ed), Advocacy and the King's English (1960) 537

122. Roy M Mersky and Donald J Dunn, Fundamentals of Legal Research (8th ed, 2002)

123. Roy M Mersky and Donald J Dunn, Legal Research Illustrated (abridged version, includes exercises) (8th ed, 2002)

124. Philip Meyer, 'Will You Please Be Quiet, Please?: Lawyers Listening to the Call of Stories' (1994) 18 Vermont Law Review 567

125. Philip N Meyer, 'Vignettes from a Narrative Primer' (2006) 12 Journal of the Legal Writing Institute 229

126. Harry Mills, Artful Persuasion: How to Command Attention, Change Minds, and Influence People (1999)

127. Laurie Morin and Louise Howells, 'The Reflective Judgment Project' (2003) 9 Clinical Law Review 623

128. Linda Morton, 'Teaching Creative Problem Solving: A Paradigmatic Approach' (1998) 34 California West Law Review 375

129. Myron Moskovitz, 'Beyond the Case Method: It's Time to Teach With Problems' (1992) 42 Journal of Legal Education 241

130. Lionel Murphy, 'The Responsibility of Judges' in Gareth Evans, Law, Politics, and the Labour Movement (1980) 5

131. Joseph P Napoli, 'Forceful Brief Writing and Oral Argument' (1977) 12 Trial Lawyers' Quarterly 82

132. Stephen Nathanson, 'Problem-Solving in Professional Legal Education' (1989) 7 Journal of Professional Legal Education 121

133. Dana Neacsu, Introduction to US Law and Legal Research (2005)

134. John E Nelson III, 'Building a Brief' in Priscilla Anne Schwab (ed), Appellate Practice Manual (1992) 228

135. Linda K Neuman, 'Oral Advocacy: In Step with the Times?' (1989) 34 South Dakota Law Review 236

136. Richard K Neumann Jr, Legal Reasoning and Legal Writing: Structure, Strategy, and Style (5th ed, 2005)

137. Neill Nugent, The Government and Politics of the European Union (6th ed, 2006)

138. Laurel Currie Oates and Anne Enquist, The Legal Writing Handbook: Analysis, Research, and Writing (2006)

139. Kathryn O'Brien, 'Judicial Attitudes to Plain Language and the Law', interview of Justice Michael Kirby, High Court of Australia, Wednesday, 1 November 2006 (pdf)

140. *George Orwell, 'Politics and the English Language' (1946) 13(76) Horizon 252

141. Dennis Owens, 'Appellate Brief Writing in the Eighth Circuit' (2001) 57(2) Journal of the Missouri Bar 75

142. Michelle Pan, 'Strategy or Stratagem: The Use of Improper Psychological Tactics by Trial Attorneys to Persuade Jurors' (2005) 74 University of Cincinnati Law Review 259

143. Neil Parpworth and David Pollard, Constitutional and Administrative Law (4th ed, 2006)

144. Girvan Peck, Writing Persuasive Briefs (1984)

145. Girvan Peck, 'Strategy of the Brief' in Priscilla Anne Schwab (ed), Appellate Practice Manual (1992) 215

146. Paul Perrell, 'Stare Decisis and Techniques of Legal Reasoning and Legal Argument' (1987) 2(2, 3) Legal Research Update 11 reproduced at ( (accessed 27 January 2008)

147. *Richard E Petty and John T Cacioppo, Attitudes and Persuasion: Classic and Contemporary Approaches (1996)

148. Mario Pittoni, Brief Writing and Argumentation (3rd ed, 1967)

149. E Barrett Prettyman, 'Some Observations Concerning Appellate Advocacy' (1953) 39(3) Virginia Law Review 285

150. Jill J Ramsfield, 'Writing High Impact Briefs' (1994) 30 Trial 54

151. John C Reinard, 'The Role of Toulmin's Categories of Message Development in Persuasive Communication: Two Experimental Studies on Attitude Change' (1984) 20 Journal of the American Forensic Association 206

152. Ellen Lewis Rice et al, 'IRAC, The Law Student's Friend or Foe: An Informal Perspective' (November 1995) 10 Second Draft: Bulletin of the Legal Writing Institute 13

153. William R Roalfe (ed), How to Find the Law (6th ed, 1965)

154. Edward D Re and Joseph R Re, Brief Writing and Oral Argument (9th ed, 2005)

155. Ruth Anne Robbins and BJ Foley, 'Fiction 101: A Primer for Lawyers on How to Use Fiction Writing Techniques to Write Persuasive Facts Sections' (2001) 32(2) Rutgers Law Journal 459

156. James L Robertson, 'Reality on Appeal' in Priscilla Anne Schwab (ed), Appellate Practice Manual (1992) 179

157. Marian Robertson et al, Legal Research Skills (2nd revised ed, 2007)

158. *George Rossman (ed), Advocacy and the King's English (1960)

159. Justice Ronald Sackville, 'Appellate Advocacy' (1997) 15 Australian Bar Review 99

160. Gary L Sasso, 'Anatomy of the Written Argument' in Priscilla Anne Schwab (ed), Appellate Practice Manual (1992) 208

161. Hugh Selby, 'Arguing for Other Persuasions' (3 August 2007) Lawyers' Weekly Online ( (accessed 20 October 2007)

162. Hugh Selby and Graeme Blank, Winning Advocacy: Preparation, Questions, Argument (2nd ed, 2004)

163. Hugh Selby, Graeme Blank, and Mark Nolan, 'Special Issue: Persuasion Part I' (2007) 9(10) ADR Bulletin 181

164. Hugh Selby, Graeme Blank, and Mark Nolan, 'Special Issue: Persuasion Part II' (2007) 10(1) ADR Bulletin 1

165. *Priscilla Anne Schwab (ed), Appellate Practice Manual (1992)

166. Helene S Shapo, 'The Frontiers of Legal Writing: Challenges for Teaching Research' (1986) 78 Law Library Journal 719

167. Craig B Simonsen and Christian R Andersen, Computer-Aided Legal Research on the Internet (2nd ed, 2005)

168. Michael BW Sinclair, 'What is the "R" in "IRAC"' (2002–3) 46 New York Law School Law Review 457, 473

169. Amy E Sloan, Basic Legal Research: Tools and Strategies (3rd ed, 2006)

170. Michael R Smith, Advanced Legal Writing: Theories and Strategies in Persuasive Writing (2002)

171. Steven D Stark, Writing to Win: The Legal Writer (1999)

172. *David Stott, Legal Research (1993)

173. Erwin C Surrency et al, A Guide to Legal Research (1959)

174. PA Thomas and John Knowles, Effective Legal Research (5th revised ed, 2006)

175. Peter Thompson, Persuading Aristotle: The Timeless Art of Persuasion in Business, Negotiation, and the Media (1999)

176. UK Centre for Legal Education, Teaching Legal Research (2nd ed, 2006), Table 3: Checklist of Materials ( (accessed 28 January 2016)

177. Arthur T Vanderbilt, 'Forensic Persuasion' in George Rossman (ed), Advocacy and the King's English (1960) 224

178. Jonathan K Van Patten, 'Twenty-Five Propositions on Writing and Persuasion' (2004) 49 South Dakota Law Review 250

179. Eugene Volokh, Academic Legal Writing (2003)

180. F Trowbridge Vom Baur, 'The Art of Brief Writing' (1976) 22 The Practical Lawyer 81

181. John H Wade, 'Meet MIRAT: Legal Reasoning Fragmented Into Learnable Chunks' (1990/91) 2 Legal Education Review 283

182. Paul T Wangerin, 'A Multidisciplinary Analysis of the Structure of Persuasive Arguments' (1993) 16 Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy 195

183. Patricia M Wald, '19 Tips from 19 Years on the Appellate Bench' (1999) 1 Journal of Appellate Practice and Process 7

184. Clifford Wallace, 'Wanted: Advocates Who Can Argue in Writing' (1979) 67 Kentucky Law Journal 374

185. Bernard J Ward, 'The Problem Method at Notre Dame' (1958) 11 Journal of Legal Education 100

186. Richard Ward and Amanda Wragg, Walker and Walker's English Legal System (9th ed, 2005)

187. Manning Warren, 'IRAC Response' (November 1995) 10 Second Draft: Bulletin of the Legal Writing Institute 19

188. *Frederick Bernays Wiener, Briefing and Arguing Federal Appeals (1961) (2001 reprint)

189. Henry Wigglesworth, 'Breathing Life into Facts' (1997) 12(1) Second Draft: Bulletin of the Legal Writing Institute 10

190. John A Wilson, 'Common Sense in Advocacy: Some General Observations on Trial of a Suit' in George Rossman (ed), Advocacy and the King's English (1960) 59

191. Nancy Winkelman, 'Just a Brief Writer?' (2002–3) 29 Litigation 50

192. Christopher G Wren and Jill Robinson Wren, The Legal Research Manual: A Game Plan for Legal Research and Analysis (1983)

193. Richard C Wydick, Plain English for Lawyers (4th ed, 1998)

194. Irving Younger, 'Romancing the Verb' (1986) 72(2) ABA Journal 94

195. Irving Younger, 'Skimming the Fat off your Writing' (1986) 72(3) ABA Journal 92

196. Irving Younger, 'Citing Cases for Maximum Impact' (1986) 72(10) ABA Journal 110





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