(ii) Civil law

brainstorm BRAINSTORM

Civil law defenses (English examples)

  • Absolute privilege
  • Act of God
  • Act of State
  • Agreement
  • Assumption of risk
  • Consent
  • Contributory negligence
  • Damage wholly claimant’s fault
  • Defenses by statute
  • Duress
  • Estoppel
  • Extinction of liability
  • Fair comment
  • Illegality
  • Immunity
  • Impossibility
  • Invalidity
  • Judicial acts
  • Justification
  • Laches
  • Lack of consideration
  • Leave/license
  • Limitation
  • Ministerial execution of decrees
  • Mistake of fact
  • Mistake of law
  • Necessity
  • Novus actus interveniens
  • Prescriptive right
  • Privilege
  • Proportional and necessary in a democratic society
  • Protection of property
  • Qualified privilege
  • Remoteness
  • Self-defense
  • Self-protection
  • Statute of limitations
  • Statutory authority
  • Ultra-vires demand
  • Unclean hands
  • Unfair terms
  • Void contract
  • Volenti non fit injuria

Table 37: Civil law defenses (examples)

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